Gli otto peccati capitali della nostra civiltà

Gli otto peccati capitali della nostra civiltà  PDF
  • Paperback
  • 146
  • Gli otto peccati capitali della nostra civiltà
  • Konrad Lorenz
  • Italian
  • 12 June 2019
  • 8845901688

About the Author: Konrad Lorenz

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10 thoughts on “Gli otto peccati capitali della nostra civiltà

  1. Cărăşălu says:

    Lorenz is spot on regarding the sins of the civilized man overpopulation, devastation of environment, the man s race against himself, the break with tradition, emotional entropy, indoctrinability, genetic decay and nuclear weapons They are all linked with each other and most of the problems termed under the famous label the crisis of the modern world can be probably traced to one of the sins identified by Lorenz Although the book is very short and readable, I found the author s continuo Lorenz is spot on regarding the sins of the civilized man overpopulation, devastation of environment, the man s race against himself, the break with tradition, emotional entropy, indoctrinability, genetic decay and nuclear weapons They are all linked with each other and most of the problems termed under the famous label the crisis of the modern world can be probably traced to one of the sins identified by Lorenz Although the book is very short and readable, I found the author s continuous emphasis of the importance of phylogenetic factors It is nonetheless understandable as he is not a sociologist or psychologist, but a biologist ethologist and it is natural for him to support his views with arguments from his field of expertise Still, a layman like me could only wish that Lorenz paid at least just as much atention to other factors As it is, the book is by no means a satisfying account of the eight sins , and must be correlated withelaborate views on the topic from the fields of political, economical and social sciences By this, I certainly don t mean to understate Lorenz s contribution On the contrary, the perspective of his views is rather interesting and insightful, and he puts forward arguments that could have been hardly produced by specialists from other fields

  2. Lea says:

    This book, won the Nobel prize in 1973, the same year as it was written, has some really interesting and inspiring points It critizises modern society and human behaviour, which still is present in society today It is also written in a simple language which makes it idealy suited for idealistic and critical thinking adolescents, but can be read by everyone.However many of the scientific facts in this book are outdated and his right wing political views are represented very strongly.

  3. Jovi Ene says:

    Laureat al Premiul Nobel pentru Fiziologie Medicin , Konrad Lorenz este unul dintre fondatorii etologiei moderne tiin a care se ocup de studiul comportamentului animalelor i oamenilor.Despre aceste comportamente i felul n care ele pot influen a lumea este vorba i acest eseu, n care el identific i analizeaz opt p cate ale omenirii, care pot determina i dispari ia ei Printre ele, suprapopularea, distrugerea naturii, pierderea tradi iilor, conflictele ntre genera ii sau bombele nucle Laureat al Premiul Nobel pentru Fiziologie Medicin , Konrad Lorenz este unul dintre fondatorii etologiei moderne tiin a care se ocup de studiul comportamentului animalelor i oamenilor.Despre aceste comportamente i felul n care ele pot influen a lumea este vorba i acest eseu, n care el identific i analizeaz opt p cate ale omenirii, care pot determina i dispari ia ei Printre ele, suprapopularea, distrugerea naturii, pierderea tradi iilor, conflictele ntre genera ii sau bombele nucleare Chiar dac discursul s u este pe alocuri v dit anti capitalist i cartea este publicat ini ial n 1973, semnalul de alarm a r mas acela i, iar spusele lui, ntr un limbaj care mbin erudi ia i limbajul greoi al specialistului cu simplitatea i sinceritatea, au r mas de actualitate

  4. Bob Nichols says:

    Lorenz frames his eight deadly sins argument in the following way Those structures and functions that are adaptive are normal Behaviors functions performed by structures that either underperform or overperform are disorders that he characterizes as pathological His approach as an ethologist is to ask first, what is the normal function of a system and, if disturbed, whether it has been caused by an over or underfunction as part of a system These deviations from the adaptive norm Lorenz frames his eight deadly sins argument in the following way Those structures and functions that are adaptive are normal Behaviors functions performed by structures that either underperform or overperform are disorders that he characterizes as pathological His approach as an ethologist is to ask first, what is the normal function of a system and, if disturbed, whether it has been caused by an over or underfunction as part of a system These deviations from the adaptive norm are sins Thus, normal sexual reproductive behavior becomes abnormal when it increases relatively unchecked Overpopulation eats up space, crowds individuals and elicits aggression More people results in environmental degradation Finding new ways to satisfy needs via technological advance consumes us and robs us of the genuinely human activity of reflection Life becomes too easy we move from necessity to overindulgence and lose the ability to experience a joy that is only attainable through surmounting serious obstacles Boredom is the result Norms of social behavior, based on an innate sense of justice, fall by the wayside This tendency to overindulge, this chasing the transitory pleasures of indulgence, creates an infantilism that he calls for some reason , genetic decay Younger generations no longer have respect for the wisdom of the elders Youngsters want to self indulge the elders want them to hold back Technological advances that facilitate communication is used now to indoctrinate and manipulate the masses The last sin takes the normal need to advance and defend one s interests but now gives need nuclear weapons to advance one s capacity either to get or to defend.Lorenz blames these sins in large part on the attitude that denies biology s role and on an attachment that says, instead, that we are environmentally determined 1 Man has not fewer butgenuinely instinctive impulses than any other animal, he states 2 This is about biological tendencies, not determinism These emotional impulses are neither good nor bad per se Rather, it is when they are either too much or too little vis vis a situation that determines whether they are adaptive or abnormal 3 By being aware of these impulses, we are, Lorenz believes, able to exert oversight of their expression Style wise, the book was uneven It was lay friendly for the most part but technically obscure in other parts Here and there, particularly in his discussion of the generational divide, Lorenz comes across as a fuddy duddy, and indoctrination has always been a problem, though the scale is different now Substantively, I like his normal abnormal characterization of impulses but I think he underestimates the force of environmental pressures and I wonder if he does not misframe his argument as a result If we pursue our natural impulses to reproduce, then we are per Malthus creating a population of need seeking beings which then, functioning now as an emergent phenomenon, forces everyone to compete in increasingly aggressive ways Our biology still plays out, but now it s activated by external situations, as opposed to being driven solely from the inside And this all proceeds in a logical sequence that has a doom quality about it, making Lorenz s hope for addressing these sins withnormalized behavior futile 1 The process of dehumanization discussed in Chapters 2 8 give support to the pseudodemocratic doctrine which maintains that the social and moral behavior of man is in no way determined by the phylogenetically evolved organization of his nervous system and of his sense organs but, rather, that this behavior is determined solely by the conditioning to which, in the course of his ontogenesis, he is exposed by his particular cultural environment 2 Words like hate, love, friendship, anger, loyalty, affection, mistrust, trust, and so on, all signify states corresponding with the propensity to quite specific behavior patterns, in a way no different from the terms applied in scientific behavior research, such as aggressivity, ranking order drive, territoriality, and termini connected with mood 3 Too much love spoils countless promising children, too much loyalty, raised to an absolute, has had appalling consequences

  5. Manuel Alfonseca says:

    ESPA OL Me gust el cap tulo sobre Decadencia Gen tica , donde Lorenz dice cosas bastante parecidas a las que digo yo en mi libro El Quinto Nivel de la Evoluci n.Es curioso c mo Richard Dawkins, Konrad Lorenz, Theodosius Dobzhansky y yo llegamos en los a os setenta a conclusiones bastante parecidas sobre la aplicaci n de la selecci n natural y la evoluci n al desarrollo cultural, aunque sea Dawkins quien ha quedado como inventor de la Mem tica, pues fue l quien ide esa palabra Se ve que e ESPA OL Me gust el cap tulo sobre Decadencia Gen tica , donde Lorenz dice cosas bastante parecidas a las que digo yo en mi libro El Quinto Nivel de la Evoluci n.Es curioso c mo Richard Dawkins, Konrad Lorenz, Theodosius Dobzhansky y yo llegamos en los a os setenta a conclusiones bastante parecidas sobre la aplicaci n de la selecci n natural y la evoluci n al desarrollo cultural, aunque sea Dawkins quien ha quedado como inventor de la Mem tica, pues fue l quien ide esa palabra Se ve que el contenido de esa idea estaba en el aire, y se nos ocurri a varias personas casi simult neamente.Pero el mejor cap tulo es el que habla de Formaci n Indoctrinada , refiri ndose principalmente a la ciencia Aunque l atacaba principalmente el Conductismo, algunas de las cosas que dice al respecto se pueden aplicar hoy sin m s a la ideolog a de g nero, esa aberraci n cient fica que, como dice Lorenz La formaci n indoctrinada surte efectos verdaderamente sat nicos cuando grandes multitudes, continentes enteros e incluso, quiz , toda la Humanidad a nan sus fuerzas para incurrir en una sola creencia err nea y mal vola.ENGLISH I liked the chapter on Genetic Decay, where Lorenz says things quite similar to what I say in my book The Fifth Level of Evolution It is curious how Richard Dawkins, Konrad Lorenz, Theodosius Dobzhansky and I arrived in the seventies to quite similar conclusions about the application of natural selection and evolution to cultural development, although Dawkins is now considered the inventor of Memetics, as it was he who devised that word But the content of that idea was in the air, so several people came up with it almost simultaneously.But the best chapter is the one about Indoctrinability , referring mainly to science Although he primarily attacked Behaviorism, some of the things he says about it can be applied today to gender ideology, that scientific aberration that, as Lorenz says But indoctrination begins to have satanic effects only when it unites vast human conglomerates, whole continents, even the whole of humanity in a single, or erroneous, evil creed.

  6. Ivana Futrikaničová says:

    P i sa mi e kni ka m skuto n nadh ad a ve a zn mych neblah ch fenom nov ochladnutie citov, opovrhovanie star mi, ekol gia vedela pomenova z in ho uhlu, resp Ich prepojila s ne akan mi pr inami Autor je biol g a je to c ti , o mi miestami vadilo pri v etkom sa odvol val na na e prastar kromanonske korene a genetick v bavu Ale prave tento poh ad bol ob as prekvapiv a svie i Miestami to zach dzalo do moralizovania, e v etko speje k padku a udstvo je na tom st le hor ie je P i sa mi e kni ka m skuto n nadh ad a ve a zn mych neblah ch fenom nov ochladnutie citov, opovrhovanie star mi, ekol gia vedela pomenova z in ho uhlu, resp Ich prepojila s ne akan mi pr inami Autor je biol g a je to c ti , o mi miestami vadilo pri v etkom sa odvol val na na e prastar kromanonske korene a genetick v bavu Ale prave tento poh ad bol ob as prekvapiv a svie i Miestami to zach dzalo do moralizovania, e v etko speje k padku a udstvo je na tom st le hor ie je to len typick pl vanie nad skatenostou s asnosti, ak raz za as vyd ka d vzdelanec svojej doby alebo s naozaj jeho predpovede re lne To u si mus te spravi n zor sami

  7. Old Man Aries says:

    Ho gi parlato di Konrad Lorenz su queste pagine una lettura fondamentale per chi abbia interesse nell etologia, sia essa animale o umana Ed proprio quest ultima l argomento centrale di questo libro, un breve ma completo saggio che si concentra su otto aspetti della civilt cos come la conosciamo che ne potrebbero causare pi o meno velocemente l annientamento Non si tratta di un libro catastrofico o allarmista, ma indubbiamente pone l accento su vari aspetti che a 35 anni di distanza Ho gi parlato di Konrad Lorenz su queste pagine una lettura fondamentale per chi abbia interesse nell etologia, sia essa animale o umana Ed proprio quest ultima l argomento centrale di questo libro, un breve ma completo saggio che si concentra su otto aspetti della civilt cos come la conosciamo che ne potrebbero causare pi o meno velocemente l annientamento Non si tratta di un libro catastrofico o allarmista, ma indubbiamente pone l accento su vari aspetti che a 35 anni di distanza da quand stato scritto risultano ancora inquietantemente attuali Interessante, tra l altro, il fatto che uno di questi elementi ovvero la riduzione dello spazio vitale causata dalla sovrappopolazione venga poi ripreso in un altro libro assolutamente da leggere quale Lo zoo umano di Desmond Morris.Si tratta di un libro veloce da leggere che deve per forza far nascere qualche riflessione

  8. Petra says:

    Poh ad etol ga a nosite a Nobelovej ceny za fyziol giu alebo medic nu na z padn civiliz ciu a modern spolo nos Ve mi pesimistick a kritick poh ad Aj ke itate nemus s hlasi so v etk mi my lienkami, ktor autor nap sal v roku 1973, ur ite ho prin tia zamyslie sa A to by malo by pod a m a cie om ka dej dobrej knihyRostouc neochota sn et strasti spolu se sn enou l kavost slasti m za na n sledek, e lid ztr cej schopnosti vkl dat nep jemnou pr ci do d la, kter slibuje sla Poh ad etol ga a nosite a Nobelovej ceny za fyziol giu alebo medic nu na z padn civiliz ciu a modern spolo nos Ve mi pesimistick a kritick poh ad Aj ke itate nemus s hlasi so v etk mi my lienkami, ktor autor nap sal v roku 1973, ur ite ho prin tia zamyslie sa A to by malo by pod a m a cie om ka dej dobrej knihyRostouc neochota sn et strasti spolu se sn enou l kavost slasti m za na n sledek, e lid ztr cej schopnosti vkl dat nep jemnou pr ci do d la, kter slibuje slast a n kdy v budoucnosti Proto se setk v me s netrp liv m po adavkem okam it ho uspokojen v ech kl c ch p n Nane t st je tato touha v emi zp soby podporov vana v robci a obchodn mi podniky

  9. Joseph says:

    This book, while it contains some good ideas, does not read as any kind of well thought out and planned scientific treatise, but rather a collection of personal musings on the state of the world at the time 1973 It was easy to read and agreeable, but I was expectingprofound insights from this thinker, which I found lacking in this work Most of the arguments are based on personal opinion rather than any concrete facts, and while I agree with much of the sentiment, especially regarding t This book, while it contains some good ideas, does not read as any kind of well thought out and planned scientific treatise, but rather a collection of personal musings on the state of the world at the time 1973 It was easy to read and agreeable, but I was expectingprofound insights from this thinker, which I found lacking in this work Most of the arguments are based on personal opinion rather than any concrete facts, and while I agree with much of the sentiment, especially regarding the dehumanization of man in civilized society, I did not walk away with any new profound understanding of where we were or where we are going I would not recommend this as the first book to read by Lorenz

  10. Petra says:

    Relativn kr tk kniha od zakladatele etologie a nositele Nobelovy ceny za fyziologii a medic nu Konrada Lorenze Pojedn n vznikla za studen v lky a jsou to vahy hodn kritick a pesimistick k na spole nosti Rozhodn vyb z k zamy len a nepochybuji, e z sti je st le aktu ln Doporu ila bych v em.